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Troy, N.Y. -  8/5/2016

Are "plug and play" control-integrated luminaires ready for prime time?

LRC Releases Initial Study Results

In a large open office on the fourth floor of the Lighting Research Center (LRC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, lighting scientist Leora Radetsky lifts the blinds and lets in the sunlight. The overhead LED luminaires dim in response, fluidly, maintaining consistent light levels on the desk spaces. She lowers the blinds and the luminaires instantaneously increase light levels in response.

“These intelligent luminaires with integrated sensors and controls promise ideal light levels on the workplane with significant energy savings,” said Radetsky, who is leading a team of researchers to evaluate this emerging technology, in a study funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and Washington State University.

Since each luminaire has a built-in occupancy sensor, ideally, the system can more accurately determine when a person is in the room, compared with motion sensors of the past decade. After a specified vacancy period, the luminaires fade from a task level to a background level or switch off. The integrated photosensors, with automatic dimming daylight harvesting, also promise to maintain consistent light levels in response to fluctuations in available daylight.

Radetsky and her team are evaluating commercially-available intelligent LED luminaires with integrated sensors and controls to examine system operational characteristics, commissioning, and energy savings under field conditions, and conducting human factors experiments to study installation and usability. The systems are being evaluated in a daylighted office space and a conference room at the LRC. 

The research team has published their initial findings, and the report is available at the BPA website. The LRC’s Lighting Energy Alliance (LEA) partnered with BPA on this phase of the project to expand the number of products evaluated. Current LEA members are Efficiency Vermont, Energize Connecticut, and National Grid.

Key findings from the report include the fact that the systems have the potential for significant energy savings compared to time clock control or power density requirements, although energy usage depends on the system configuration. Manual-on controls appear to save more energy than automatic-on controls. One system provided access via USB to instantaneous power readings. Beyond that, none of the systems logged or reported energy usage.

Regarding installation and usability, the LRC found that all of the products tested were easy to install, but challenging to commission. Initialization of some of the wireless dimming wall switches was complicated, and the systems appeared to lack any mechanism to adjust the default sensor-to-task light ratio. In some cases, this produced low light levels and occupant dissatisfaction. When the ambient light levels were dim, occupants were satisfied with products that provided manual override capability, and products without this capability were less satisfying. Additional findings are available in the full report.

Radetsky is currently evaluating three additional systems with integrated sensors and controls, and expects to have a report published by the end of the year.

To be notified when research results are available, sign up for LRC news alerts at

About the Lighting Research Center
The Lighting Research Center (LRC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is the world's leading center for lighting research and education. Established in 1988 by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), the LRC conducts research in light and human health, transportation lighting and safety, solid-state lighting, energy efficiency, and plant health. LRC lighting scientists with multidisciplinary expertise in research, technology, design, and human factors, collaborate with a global network of leading manufacturers and government agencies, developing innovative lighting solutions for projects that range from the Boeing 787 Dreamliner to U.S. Navy submarines to hospital neonatal intensive-care units. In 1990, the LRC became the first university research center to offer graduate degrees in lighting and today, offers a M.S. in lighting and a Ph.D. to educate future leaders in lighting. Learn more at

About Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Founded in 1824, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is America's first technological research university. Rensselaer encompasses five schools, 32 research centers, more than 145 academic programs, and a dynamic community made up of more than 7,900 students and more than 100,000 living alumni. Rensselaer faculty and alumni include more than 145 National Academy members, six members of the National Inventors Hall of Fame, six National Medal of Technology winners, five National Medal of Science winners, and a Nobel Prize winner in Physics. With nearly 200 years of experience advancing scientific and technological knowledge, Rensselaer remains focused on addressing global challenges with a spirit of ingenuity and collaboration.