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Troy, NY -  1/30/2002

Cutting Edge Research at Lighting Research Center May Change the Way we Light our World

World-renowned research center in Troy is developing revolutionary solid-state lighting technologies in collaboration with University of California, Santa Barbara.

Scientists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute’s Lighting Research Center (LRC) will spend the next three years developing cutting edge lighting technologies that will someday replace lighting systems that have been used for the past 100 years.

The LRC is collaborating with the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB) to create a solid-state lighting system that will achieve high-quality white light with reduced energy consumption compared to the most efficient lighting systems currently available. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Efficiency Science Initiative is underwriting this nearly $3 million project.

UCSB researchers, led by Dr. Shuji Nakamura, developer of the world’s first GaN (Gallium Nitride) LED, will work on the semiconducting element. Scientists at the LRC, led by Dr. N. Narendran, director of research, will work on integrating these semiconductors with optics and electronic controls. These will lead to novel lighting fixtures for general lighting applications. Solid-state lighting, which includes LEDs, is a rapidly evolving technology that holds significant promise for energy savings and long life, and it is environmentally friendly.

“The 20th century” explains Dr. N. Narendran, “had just two basic lighting technologies: incandescent and fluorescent. Every lighting innovation to date has sprung from those basic methods of illumination.” Now, he says, that’s about to change.

"The demand for lighting is increasing every year," says Dr. Narendran. "As we know, California couldn't meet energy demand last year. Energy-efficient solid-state lighting systems could be one way to prevent this from happening again."

UCSB will create GaN-based vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers, or VCSEL’s. These are commonly known as laser diodes and will produce radiation in the blue to UV region. The devices will then excite phosphors to produce white light. The VCSEL design is an important feature, according to Dr. Narendran. While LED devices tend to trap most of the light they produce, VCSEL’s can improve light extraction and become very efficient solid-state lighting devices.

“The challenge for the LRC is to take these laser-like devices created by UCSB and develop a light fixture suitable for illumination purposes,” says Dr. Narendran. These fixtures, he adds, must produce high quality white light in order to be acceptable for general lighting. A diverse team of scientists at the LRC will tackle that challenge.

The Lighting Research Center uses a multidisciplinary approach, and the project will utilize the skills of various LRC lighting scientists, from specialists in optical design, photometry, and electronics, to vision science and human psychology. This team will develop target specifications for the color properties of the new light source before conducting optical modeling using the semiconducting laser source developed by UCSB. The LRC will then use this information to develop unique lighting fixtures.

Dr. Narendran explains that another challenge confronting the LRC is packaging the semiconducting devices. The clear materials typically used to encapsulate LEDs tend to yellow over time. “We are working with leading polymer chemists at Rensselaer to develop suitable, non-yellowing polymers that can be used to encapsulate these new semiconductors.”

This cutting edge research could lead to revolutionary changes in the way we light our surroundings, including user-controlled, integrated lighting systems comprised of illuminated walls, ceilings, and even shelving that could change light color and intensity on demand. Integrating these new systems into intelligent, computer-controlled buildings may also make emergency lighting systems more effective by responding instantly to rapidly changing situations.

Project Timeline

During the first year of the project, UCSB will create the GaN-based light sources. The LRC will identify specifications and develop optical models for the lighting fixtures. UCSB will improve the efficiency of the semiconducting devices, over the second year, to a point where they are twice as efficient as currently available light sources. The LRC, meanwhile, will produce laboratory prototype fixtures using the UCSB devices. By the end of the third year, the LRC hopes to equip a room with this new lighting system to run comparison evaluations with traditional lighting systems.

When the three-year project concludes, Dr. Narendran says he hopes that the two groups will have shown the feasibility of energy-efficient, solid-state illumination systems.

About the Lighting Research Center
The Lighting Research Center (LRC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is the world's leading center for lighting research and education. Established in 1988 by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), the LRC conducts research in light and human health, transportation lighting and safety, solid-state lighting, energy efficiency, and plant health. LRC lighting scientists with multidisciplinary expertise in research, technology, design, and human factors, collaborate with a global network of leading manufacturers and government agencies, developing innovative lighting solutions for projects that range from the Boeing 787 Dreamliner to U.S. Navy submarines to hospital neonatal intensive-care units. In 1990, the LRC became the first university research center to offer graduate degrees in lighting and today, offers a M.S. in lighting and a Ph.D. to educate future leaders in lighting. Learn more at

About Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Founded in 1824, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is America's first technological research university. Rensselaer encompasses five schools, 32 research centers, more than 145 academic programs, and a dynamic community made up of more than 7,900 students and more than 100,000 living alumni. Rensselaer faculty and alumni include more than 145 National Academy members, six members of the National Inventors Hall of Fame, six National Medal of Technology winners, five National Medal of Science winners, and a Nobel Prize winner in Physics. With nearly 200 years of experience advancing scientific and technological knowledge, Rensselaer remains focused on addressing global challenges with a spirit of ingenuity and collaboration.