Volume 9 Issue 3
May 2000    
A-lamp - The incandescent lamp most commonly used in North American households. The "A" designation refers to the lamp's bulbous shape. ballast - A device required by electric-discharge light sources such as fluorescent or HID lamps to regulate voltage and current supplied to the lamp during start and throughout operation. bi-level switching - Control of light source intensity at two discrete levels in addition to off. compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) - A family of single-ended fluorescent-discharge light sources with small-diameter [16-millimeter (5/8-inch) or less] tubes. continuous dimming - Control of a light source's intensity to practically any value within a given operating range. tri-level switching - Control of light source intensity at three discrete levels in addition to off. indirect lighting - Light arriving at a surface after reflecting from one or more surfaces (usually walls and/or ceilings) that are not part of the luminaire. lamp - A radiant light source. luminaire - A complete lighting unit consisting of a lamp or lamps and the parts designed to distribute the light, to position and protect the lamp(s), and to connect the lamp(s) to the power supply. (Also referred to as fixture.) correlated color temperature (CCT) - A specification for white light sources used to describe the dominant color tone along the dimension from warm (yellows and reds) to cool (blue). Lamps with a CCT rating below 3200 K are usually considered warm sources, whereas those with a CCT above 4000 K usually considered cool in appearance. Temperatures in between are considered neutral in appearance. Technically, CCT extends the practice of using temperature, in kelvins (K), for specifying the spectrum of light sources other than blackbody radiators. Incandescent lamps and daylight closely approximate the spectra of black body radiators at different temperatures and can be designated by the corresponding temperature of a blackbody radiator. The spectra of fluorescent and LED sources, however, differ substantially from black body radiators yet they can have a color appearance similar to a blackbody radiator of a particular temperature as given by CCT. direct light - Light emitted by a luminaire in the general direction of the task to be illuminated. The term usually refers to light emitted in a downward direction. halogen lamp - An incandescent lamp that uses a halogen fill gas. Halogen lamps have higher rated efficacies and longer lives than standard incandescent A-lamps. active power - the system input power (in watts) for a lamp-ballast combination. color rendering index (CRI) - A rating index commonly used to represent how well a light source renders the colors of objects that it illuminates. For a CRI value of 100, the maximum value, the colors of objects can be expected to be seen as they would appear under an incandescent or daylight spectrum of the same correlated color temperature (CCT). Sources with CRI values less than 50 are generally regarded as rendering colors poorly, that is, colors may appear unnatural. efficacy - The ratio of light output (in lumens) to input power (in watts), expressed as lumens per watt (LPW). illuminance - The density of luminous flux incident upon a surface. Illuminance is measured in footcandles (lumens/square foot) or lux (lumens/square meter). One footcandle equals 10.76 lux. lamp life - The number of hours at which half of a large group of lamps have failed when operated under standard testing conditions. lumen (lm) - A unit measurement of the rate at which a lamp produces light. A lamp's lumen output rating expresses the total amount of light the lamp emits in all directions per unit time. metal halide lamp - A high-intensity discharge (HID) lamp that uses mercury and several halide additives as light-producing elements. Metal halide lamps have better color properties than other HID lamp types because the different additives produce light distributed over more visible wavelengths, resulting in a more complete spectrum. Metal halide lamps are available with CCTs from 2300 to 5400 K and with CRI values from 60 to 93. Efficacies of metal halide lamps typically range from 75 to 125 LPW.
Where are they available?

Manufacturers have introduced at least 15 torchieres with the ENERGY STAR label (see "ENERGY STAR"). These torchieres are becoming more widely available at home-supply and department stores, as well as through mail-order catalogs. More information about obtaining these torchieres is available at the ENERGY STAR Web site. For regions of the country not well served by retailers listed in ENERGY STAR'S product locator, the LightSite Web site provides further information and an online catalog.

In July 1999, NLPIP staff identified the following manufacturers of CFL or metal halide torchieres by attending industry trade shows and talking to others in the industry. Most of these torchieres have the ENERGY STAR label. Contact the manufacturers directly for more information about their products.

Table 4. Manufacturer Contact Information

Company Address Customer Service #

Catalina Lighting Incorporated 18191 NW 68th Ave.
Miami, FL 33015
305-558-4777

Emess Lighting 1 Early St.
Ellwood City, PA 16117
800-688-2579

Energy Federation Incorporated 14 Tech Circle
Natick, MA 0l760
800-876-0660

Good Earth Lighting 712 S. Milwaukee Ave.
Wheeling, IL 60090
847-808-1133

Lights of America 611 Reyes Dr.
Walnut, CA 91789
909-594-7883 

Microsun 9201 Washington Ave.
Racine, WI 53406
888-281-1233 

Technical Consumer Products 29401 Ambina Dr.
Cleveland, OH 44139
440-542-5151

Waldmann Lighting 9 West Century Dr.
Wheeling, IL 60090
800-634-0007

Visa Lighting 8600 W. Bradley Rd.
Milwaukee, WI 53224
414-354-6600 



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