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Lighting Research Center
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Troy, NY -  7/26/2005

Light Treatment May Help Teens Wake for School

Many teens have trouble waking up in the morning for school, and their circadian clock may be to blame. Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute’s Lighting Research Center (LRC) believe some teenagers who experience difficulty waking up in the morning may actually be suffering from sleep deprivation because their “internal” clock conflicts with the schedule they keep.

The LRC has worked extensively on the effects of light and health, particularly the effects of light on the body's circadian rhythms, biological cycles in the body that repeat approximately every 24 hours, including the sleep/wake cycle.

“Many teens are physically unable to fall asleep until late at night, yet they have to wake very early for school,” says Mariana Figueiro, Ph.D., light and health program director at the LRC. “This can lead to sleep deprivation, which can compromise the endocrine and immune system, as well as negatively impact other health and safety factors.”

The LRC research group believes that a form of light treatment could help alleviate sleep deprivation in teens by readjusting their internal clock.

Setting the internal clock
Circadian rhythms are synchronized by the 24-hour light/dark cycle, and exposure to light and dark stimuli help to set the body’s internal ‘master clock’ to match the solar day.

Light stimulus travels through the retina, the light-sensitive nerve tissue lining the back wall of the eye, to reach the master clock in the brain. There needs to be a distinct, repeated pattern of light and dark to tell the circadian system the solar time. By using a simple light regimen, we can “advance” or “delay” our internal clock, depending on our individual needs, according to Dr. Figueiro.

Daylight is a mixture of wavelengths dominated by short, visible wavelength light that, in isolation, gives a blue visual sensation, like the blue sky. In fact, blue light is most effective and efficient at stimulating the circadian system, according to Dr. Figueiro. However, she explains that it isn’t just the color that is important, but rather the entire 24-hour pattern of light intensity, spatial distribution, timing, and duration, all in combination with the color.

Light treatment for teens
If teens experience trouble waking up for school, then they may need to advance their internal clock so that they can fall asleep earlier at night. To do this they need to expose themselves to daylight or blue light soon after they naturally wake up and after they have reached their minimum core body temperature—minimum core body temperature typically occurs about one and a half hours before a person naturally awakes.

However, this can be a problem because some teenagers leave for school very early in the morning either before daybreak or before they have reached their minimum core body temperature. This may result in a delay in falling asleep at night.

LRC researchers are exploring ways to combat this problem, including the development of a light scheme that removes blue light in the morning before the teenager has reached minimum core body temperature. The idea is to use orange glasses in the early hours of the morning to block blue light. Then expose the teen to blue light later in the morning inside the classroom after the teen has reached minimum core body temperature but is unable to be exposed to daylight.


About the Lighting Research Center
The Lighting Research Center (LRC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is the world's leading center for lighting research and education. Established in 1988 by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), the LRC has been pioneering research in solid-state lighting, light and health, transportation lighting and safety, and energy efficiency for nearly 30 years. LRC lighting scientists with multidisciplinary expertise in research, technology, design, and human factors, collaborate with a global network of leading manufacturers and government agencies, developing innovative lighting solutions for projects that range from the Boeing 787 Dreamliner to U.S. Navy submarines to hospital neonatal intensive-care units. LRC researchers conduct independent, third-party testing of lighting products in the LRC's state of the art photometric laboratories, the only university lighting laboratories accredited by the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP Lab Code: 200480-0). In 1990, the LRC became the first university research center to offer graduate degrees in lighting and today, offers a M.S. in lighting and a Ph.D. to educate future leaders in lighting. With 35 full-time faculty and staff, 15 graduate students, and a 30,000 sq. ft. laboratory space, the LRC is the largest university-based lighting research and education organization in the world.

About Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, founded in 1824, is America’s first technological research university. The university offers bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees in engineering; the sciences; information technology and web sciences; architecture; management; and the arts, humanities, and social sciences. Rensselaer faculty advance research in a wide range of fields, with an emphasis on biotechnology, nanotechnology, computational science and engineering, data science, and the media arts and technology. The Institute has an established record of success in the transfer of technology from the laboratory to the marketplace, fulfilling its founding mission of applying science “to the common purposes of life.”