Lighting Research Center Lighting Research Center

Lighting Research Center
Transportation Lighting Reference List

In press

  1. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner and T. T. Plummer. [In press.] Assessment of an adaptive driving beam headlighting system: Visibility and glare. Transportation Research Record (2555).
  2. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. [In press.] High visibility reflective sign sheeting materials: Field and computational evaluations of visual performance. Transport.
  3. Rea, M. S., J. D. Bullough and J. A. Brons. [In press.] Parking lot lighting based upon predictions of scene brightness and personal safety. Lighting Research and Technology. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1477153515603758
  4. Besenecker, U. C., J. D. Bullough and L. C. Radetsky. [In press.] Spectral sensitivity and scene brightness at low to moderate photopic light levels. Lighting Research and Technology. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1477153515575767

2016

  1. Bullough, J. D. and M. S. Rea. 2016. Impacts of fog characteristics, forward illumination, and warning beacon intensity distribution on roadway hazard visibility. Scientific World Journal 2016: 4687816.
  2. Bullough, J. D. 2016. Vehicle headlights: Aiming for better driving safety. Leukos 12(4): 183-184.
  3. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner and Y. Zhu. 2016. Indirect detection of visual signals for emergency notification. Fire Technology 52(5): 1427-1444.
  4. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner and T. T. Plummer. 2016. Assessment of an adaptive driving beam headlighting system: Visibility and glare. Transportation Research Board 95th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 10-14. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  5. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner and T. T. Plummer. 2016. Assessment of adaptive driving beam photometric performance. Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 12-14. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  6. Bullough, J. D. 2016. Road lighting. In Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology (pp. 1127-1132). R. Luo, editor. New York, NY: Springer.

2015

  1. Rea, M. S., J. D. Bullough and J. A. Brons. [In press.] Parking lot lighting based upon predictions of scene brightness and personal safetyLighting Research and Technology. Published online ahead of print 2 September 2015 doi: 10.1177/1477153515603758.
  2. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner and Y. Zhu. 2015. Indirect detection of visual signals for emergency notificationFire Technology, doi: 10.1007/s10694-015-0488-8.
  3. Rea, M. S., J. D. Bullough and J. A. Brons. 2015. Spectral considerations for outdoor lighting: Designing for perceived scene brightnessLighting Research and Technology 47(8): 909-919.
  4. Bullough, J. D. 2015. Taming visual chaosSafety Today [supplement to Roads and Bridges 53(6)]: S24-S26.
  5. Bullough, J. D. 2015. The value proposition: At the crossroads of intersectionsLighting Design and Application 45(2): 20-22.
  6. Bullough, J. D. 2015. Spectral sensitivity modeling and nighttime scene brightness perception. Leukos 11(1): 11-17.
  7. Bullough, J. D. 2015. Adaptive headlighting systems [abstract]. Society of Automotive Engineers Active Safety Systems Symposium Event Guide (p. 4), Plymouth, MI, November 4-5. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  8. Bullough, J. D. and M. S. Rea. 2015. Warning beacon characteristics for visibility, glare prevention and closure detectionCommission Internationale de l'Eclairage 28th Session (pp. 877-882), Manchester, UK, June 28-July 4. Vienna, Austria: Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage.
  9. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner and Y. Zhu. 2015. Subjective responses to visual alarms for emergency notification viewed indirectly. Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage 28th Session (pp. 2080-2086), Manchester, UK, June 28-July 4. Vienna, Austria: Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage.
  10. Besenecker, U. C.+ and J. D. Bullough. 2015. Progress in modelling scene brightness. Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage 28th Session (pp. 1511-1520), Manchester, UK, June 28-July 4. Vienna, Austria: Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage.
  11. Bullough, J. D. 2015. Understanding the safety effects of vehicle lighting through naturalistic driving dataSociety of Automotive Engineers World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 21-23. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  12. Bullough, J. D. 2015. Intelligent warning lights and driving safetySociety of Automotive Engineers World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 21-23. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  13. Bullough, J. D. 2015. Disconnect between conventional photometry and scene brightness perception [abstract]. Council for Optical Radiation Measurements 2014 Annual Conference and Business Meeting (p. 8), Boulder, CO, May 12-15. St. Paul, MN: Council for Optical Radiation Measurements.
  14. Bullough, J. D., M. S. Rea and N. P. Skinner. 2015. A Ponzo scheme for roadway safety: Modifying chevron size and position to reduce driver speeds on curvesTransportation Research Board 94th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 11-15. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  15. Bullough, J. D. and M. S. Rea. 2015. Luminous intensity requirements for service vehicle warning beaconsTransportation Research Board 94th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 11-15. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.

2014

  1. Bullough, J. D. 2014. The changing role of LEDs in automotive lighting applications: Part 1EDN Network (November 19).
  2. Bullough, J. D. 2014. The changing role of LEDs in automotive lighting applications: Part 2EDN Network (December 2).
  3. Bullough, J. D. 2014. LEDs in automotive lighting. In Nitride Semiconductor LEDs: Materials, Performance and Applications. J.-J. Huang, H.-C. Kuo and S.-C. Shen, editors. Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing.
  4. Bullough, J. D. 2014. Maximizing pedestrians' perceptions of safety using light source spectrum. University Transportation Centers Spotlight (July): 1-2.
  5. Bullough, J. D. 2014. LEDs and human factors. International Airport Review 18(2): 40.
  6. Freyssinier, J. P. 2014. The long-term performance of LEDs. International Airport Review 18(2): 38.
  7. Bullough, J. D., L. C. Radetsky, U. C. Besenecker and M. S. Rea. 2014. Influence of spectral power distribution on scene brightness at different light levels. Leukos 10(1): 3-9.
  8. Bullough, J. D. 2014. Ecoluminance: A new approach to visual guidance for roadways. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation 8(2): 127-150.
  9. Bullough, J. D. 2014. Recent American events in vehicle lighting. DrivingVisionNews.com Newsletter (318): 4-5.
  10. Bullough, J. D. 2014. Vehicle forward lighting: A new look at intelligent adaptive headlamps, safety and performance. Societe des Ingenieurs de l'Automobile Vehicle and Infrastructure Safety Improvement in Adverse Conditions and Night Driving Congress Proceedings (5 pp.), Versailles, France, October 14-15. Suresnes, France: Societe des Ingenieurs de l'Automobile.
  11. Bullough, J. D. and M. S. Rea. 2014. Applying findings on intelligent warning beacons to rear vehicle lighting for maximizing safety [poster]. Societe des Ingenieurs de l'Automobile Vehicle and Infrastructure Safety Improvement in Adverse Conditions and Night Driving Congress Proceedings (1 p.), Versailles, France, October 14-15. Suresnes, France: Societe des Ingenieurs de l'Automobile.
  12. Bullough, J. D. and L. C. Radetsky. 2014. Roadway lighting, relative visual performance and safetyIlluminating Engineering Society Annual Conference (pp. 203-207), Pittsburgh, PA, November 2-4. New York, NY: Illuminating Engineering Society.
  13. Besenecker, U. C. and J. D. Bullough. 2014. Brightness-to-luminance ratios for full-field visionIlluminating Engineering Society Annual Conference (pp. 177-181), Pittsburgh, PA, November 2-4. New York, NY: Illuminating Engineering Society.
  14. Besenecker, U. C. and J. D. Bullough. 2014. Spectrum and scene brightness perception. Proceedings of Experiencing Light 2014: International Conference on the Effects of Light on Wellbeing (pp. 32-35, 121), Eindhoven, Netherlands, November 10-11. Eindhoven, Netherlands: Eindhoven University of Technology.
  15. Bullough, J. D. 2014. Matching LED and incandescent aviation signal brightness. PDF Federal Aviation Administration Worldwide Technology Transfer Conference, Galloway, NJ, August 5-7. Washington, DC: Federal Aviation Administration.
  16. Bullough, J. D. 2014. Can LEDs be seen in fog as well as incandescent lamps? PDF Federal Aviation Administration Worldwide Technology Transfer Conference, Galloway, NJ, August 5-7. Washington, DC: Federal Aviation Administration.
  17. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2014. Can linear light sources be beneficial to pilots? PDF Federal Aviation Administration Worldwide Technology Transfer Conference, Galloway, NJ, August 5-7. Washington, DC: Federal Aviation Administration.
  18. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2014. Do LEDs increase the accuracy of LED aviation signal light color identification by pilots with and without color-deficient vision? PDF Federal Aviation Administration Worldwide Technology Transfer Conference, Galloway, NJ, August 5-7. Washington, DC: Federal Aviation Administration.
  19. Bullough, J. D., J. Tan, N. Narendran and J. P. Freyssinier. 2014. Understanding flicker in airfield lighting applications. PDF Federal Aviation Administration Worldwide Technology Transfer Conference, Galloway, NJ, August 5-7. Washington, DC: Federal Aviation Administration.
  20. Radetsky, L. C., N. P. Skinner, N. Narendran and J. D. Bullough. 2014. Can the intensity of LED-based runway guard lights be reduced? PDF Federal Aviation Administration Worldwide Technology Transfer Conference, Galloway, NJ, August 5-7. Washington, DC: Federal Aviation Administration.
  21. Bullough, J. D. and M. S. Rea. 2014. Warning beacons for service vehicles [abstract]. New York State Association of Transportation Engineers 74th Conference, Saratoga Springs, NY, May 28-30. Albany, NY: New York State Association of Transportation Engineers.
  22. Bullough, J. D. 2014. Field measurements of new retroreflective highway sign materials [abstract]. Council for Optical Radiation Measurements 2014: Annual Conference and Business Meeting, Gaithersburg, MD, May 21-23. St. Paul, MN: Council for Optical Radiation Measurements.
  23. Bullough, J. D. 2014. Adaptive high beam systems: Visual performance and safety effects (SAE paper 2014-01-0431). Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 8-10. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  24. Skinner, N. P. and J. D. Bullough. 2014. Impacts of dynamic rear lighting on driver response (SAE paper 2014-01-0434). Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 8-10. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  25. Bullough, J. D. and R. P. Schifiliti. 2014. Parameters for indirect viewing of visual signals used in emergency notification: Parts I and II. Suppression, Detection and Signaling Research and Applications Symposium, Orlando, FL, March 4-7. Quincy, MA: Fire Protection Research Foundation, National Fire Protection Association.
  26. Bullough, J. D., J. A. Brons and N. P. Skinner. 2014. Preliminary evaluation of dynamic speed displays with conditional messaging. Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 12-16. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  27. Bullough, J. D., J. D. Snyder, N. P. Skinner, R. I. Capo, P. Rizzo and U. C. Besenecker. 2014. Demonstration and evaluation of new approaches for roundabout lighting. Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 12-16. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  28. Bullough, J. D. and L. C. Radetsky. 2014. Sustainable Roadway Lighting Seminar, 14-28 [report to the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority and the New York State Department of Transportation]. PDF Albany, NY: New York State Energy Research and Development Authority.
  29. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner, J. D. Snyder and U. C. Besenecker. 2014. Nighttime Highway Construction Illumination, C-08-14 [report to the New York State Department of Transportation]. PDF New York, NY: University Transportation Research Center.

2013

  1. Bullough, J. D. 2013. Development of a guide for replacement of roadway lighting with new lighting technologies. Transportation Research Record (2384): 95-101.
  2. Bullough, J. D., U. C. Besenecker, J. D. Snyder and N. P. Skinner. 2013. Work zone lighting and visual performance: Analysis and demonstration. Transportation Research Record (2337): 25-34.
  3. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2013. Conspicuity of flashes of light: Interactions between intensity and duration. Journal of Modern Optics 60(14): 1193-1199.
  4. Bullough, J. D., E. T. Donnell and M. S. Rea. 2013. Roadway intersections, lighting and safety. International Municipal Signal Association Journal 51(5): 32-35, 60.
  5. Milburn, N., K. Gildea, J. D. Bullough and C. Yakopcic. 2013. Aviation-related light-emitting diode perception research. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine 84(8): 876-879.
  6. Bullough, J. D. 2013. Headlamp levelness and glare: Preliminary analyses based on field data. Society of Automotive Engineers International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems 6(2): 770-774.
  7. Sweater-Hickcox, K., N. Narendran, J. D. Bullough and J. P. Freyssinier. 2013. Effect of different coloured luminous surrounds on LED discomfort glare perception. Lighting Research and Technology 45(4): 464-475.
  8. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner and R. T. Taranta. 2013. Characterising the effective intensity of multiple-pulse flashing signal lights. Lighting Research and Technology 45(3): 377-390.
  9. Bullough, J. D., E. T. Donnell and M. S. Rea. 2013. To illuminate or not to illuminate: Roadway lighting as it affects traffic safety at intersections. Accident Analysis and Prevention 53(1): 65-77.
  10. Bullough, J. D. 2013. Vehicle and roadway lighting highlighted at TRB annual meeting. DrivingVisionNews.com Newsletter (267).
  11. Rea, M. S., J. D. Bullough and E. T. Donnell. 2013. To illuminate or not to illuminate roadway intersections. Lighting Journal 78(5): 18-21.
  12. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner, R. M. Pysar, L. C. Radetsky, A. M. Smith and M. S. Rea. 2013. Nighttime glare and driving performance: Research findings. Accident Reconstruction Journal 23(1): 10-16, 45-61.
  13. Bullough, J. D., N. Skinner, J. Brons and M. Rea. 2013. Using lighting and visual information to alter driver behavior. Accident Reconstruction Journal 23(6): 33-44, 64.
  14. Rea, M. S., J. D. Bullough and J. A. Brons. 2013. A quantitative foundation for easily and significantly reducing light pollution [abstract]. First International Conference on Artificial Light at Night (p. 86), Berlin, Germany, October 28-30. Berlin, Germany: Universitatsverlag der Technische Universitat Berlin.
  15. Bullough, J. D. 2013. Spectral sensitivity modeling and brightness perception data. 10th International Symposium on Automotive Lighting (pp. 258-267), Darmstadt, Germany, September 23-25. Munchen, Germany: Herbert Utz Verlag
  16. Bullough, J. D. 2013. Applying visual performance modeling to adaptive curve lighting safety data. 10th International Symposium on Automotive Lighting (pp. 367-374), Darmstadt, Germany, September 23-25. Munchen, Germany: Herbert Utz Verlag.
  17. Bullough, J. D. 2013. Adaptive vehicle lighting, visual performance and safety [abstract]. PDF The Eye, The Brain and The Auto (p. 20), Dearborn, MI, September 16-18. Grosse Point Park, MI: Detroit Institute of Ophthalmology.
  18. Bullough, J. 2013. Parameters for indirect viewing of visual signals used in emergency notification [abstract]. National Fire Protection Association Conference and Expo (p. 37), Chicago, IL, June 10-13. Quincy, MA: National Fire Protection Association.
  19. Bullough, J. D. 2013. Headlamp levelness and glare: Preliminary analyses based on field data (SAE paper 2013-01-0749). Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 16-18. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  20. Bullough, J. D. 2013. Outdoor lighting and mesopic vision [abstract]. PDF Council for Optical Radiation Measurements: Program, Gaithersburg, MD, May 7-9. St. Paul, MN: Council for Optical Radiation Measurements.
  21. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2013. Influence of visual signal flash intensity and duration on perception. PDF Suppression, Detection and Signaling Research and Applications Symposium, Orlando, FL, February 26-March 1. Quincy, MA: Fire Protection Research Foundation, National Fire Protection Association.
  22. Bullough, J. D. 2013. Development of a guide for replacement of roadway lighting with new lighting technologies. Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 13-17. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  23. Bullough, J. D., U. Besenecker, J. D. Snyder and N. P. Skinner. 2013. Work zone lighting and visual performance: Analysis and demonstration. Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 13-17. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  24. Bullough, S. D. and J. D. Bullough. 2013. Historic streetscape lighting: Integration of aesthetic concerns with modern technology. PDF Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 13-17. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  25. Bullough, J. D. and L. C. Radetsky. 2013. Analysis of New Highway Lighting Technologies [report to the National Cooperative Highway Research Program]. PDF Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, National Academies.
  26. Bullough, J. D., U. C. Besenecker and L. C. Radetsky. 2013. Leveraging Brightness from Transportation Lighting Systems through Light Source Color: Implications for Energy Use and Safety for Traffic and Pedestrians [report to the Region 2 University Transportation Research Center and the Transportation Lighting Alliance]. PDF New York, NY: City University of New York.
  27. Bullough, J. D. and M. S. Rea [principal investigators]. 2013. Demonstration and Evaluation of Pedestrian Crosswalk Bollard Lighting [report to the City of Aspen; Exhibit A]. Aspen, CO: City of Aspen.
  28. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner and Y. Zhu. 2013. Parameters for Indirect Viewing of Visual Signals Used in Emergency Notification [report to the Fire Protection Research Foundation]. PDF Quincy, MA: Fire Protection Research Foundation.
  29. Bullough, J. D., J. D. Snyder, L. C. Radetsky and U. Besenecker. 2013. Innovative Roadway Light Source and Dye Combinations to Improve Visibility and Reduce Environmental Impacts [report to the Region 2 University Transportation Research Center]. PDF New York, NY: City University of New York.

2012

  1. Bullough, J. D. 2012. Lighting in the roadway environment: Aims, advances and alternatives. PDF Environmental Impact of Light Pollution and its Abatement [supplement to Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 106(6)] (December): 15-17.
  2. Bullough, J. D. 2012. Light-emitting diode airfield lighting systems. International Airport Review 16(5): 27-29.
  3. Bullough, J. D., Snyder J. D., N. P. Skinner and M. S. Rea. 2012. Development and evaluation of a prototype barricade lighting system. International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering 2(2): 118-132.
  4. Bullough, J. D. 2012. Efficacy of wipers-on, headlamps-on legislation. Safety Science 50(3): 575-578.
  5. Bullough, J. D. 2012. Lighting on snowplows: An accident countermeasure? [reprinted from American Public Works Association Reporter]. PDF Missouri-LTAP Quarterly Newsletter (Fall): 6.
  6. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2012. Vehicle lighting and modern roundabouts: Implications for pedestrian safety. Society of Automotive Engineers International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems 5(1): 195-198.
  7. Bullough, J. D. and K. Sweater Hickcox. 2012. Interactions among light source luminance, illuminance and size on discomfort glare. Society of Automotive Engineers International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems 5(1): 199-202.
  8. Fotios, S., P. Minett, B. Ohman and J. Bullough. 2012. Burning question. Traffic Technology International (January): 72.
  9. Sweater Hickcox, K., N. Narendran, J. D. Bullough and J. P. Freyssinier. 2012. Effect of different colored background lighting on LED discomfort glare perception (SPIE paper 84840O). 12th International Conference on Solid State Lighting and 4th International Conference on White LEDs and Solid State Lighting, San Diego, CA, August 12-16. In Proceedings of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Volume 8484. Bellingham, WA: Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.
  10. Bullough, J. D. 2012. Vehicle signal systems: Leveraging light source technologies to optimize visual response. Societe des Ingenieurs de l'Automobile Vehicle and Infrastructure Safety Improvement in Adverse Conditions and Night Driving Congress Proceedings (5 pp.), Versailles, France, October 9-10. Suresnes, France: Societe des Ingenieurs de l'Automobile.
  11. Bullough, J. D. 2012. Toward a more comprehensive understanding of glare from headlamps: Causes and countermeasures [poster]. Societe des Ingenieurs de l'Automobile Vehicle and Infrastructure Safety Improvement in Adverse Conditions and Night Driving Congress Proceedings (1 p.), Versailles, France, October 9-10. Suresnes, France: Societe des Ingenieurs de l'Automobile.
  12. Bullough, J. 2012. Performance objectives for light sources used in emergency notification [abstract]. National Fire Protection Association Conference and Expo (p. 56), Las Vegas, NV, June 11-14. Quincy, MA: National Fire Protection Association.
  13. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2012. Vehicle lighting and modern roundabouts: Implications for pedestrian safety (SAE paper 2012-01-0268). Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 24-26, 2012. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  14. Bullough, J. D. and K. Sweater Hickcox. 2012. Interactions among light source luminance, illuminance and size on discomfort glare (SAE paper 2012-01-0269). Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 24-26, 2012. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  15. Bullough, J. D., Y. Zhu and N. Narendran. 2012. Characteristics of light-emitting diode sources: Relevance for visual signal detection. PDF Suppression, Detection and Signaling Research and Applications: A Technical Working Conference, Phoenix, AZ, March 5-8. Quincy, MA: Fire Protection Research Foundation, National Fire Protection Association.
  16. Bullough, J. D., M. S. Rea and X. Zhang. 2012. Evaluation of visual performance from pedestrian crosswalk lighting. Transportation Research Board 91st Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 22-26. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  17. Bullough, S. D. and J. D. Bullough. 2012. Historic streetscape lighting: Roles of energy efficiency, safety, visibility, and light pollution [abstract]. PDF Association for Preservation Technology Northeast Chapter Annual Meeting and Symposium: Historic Lighting (p. 6), Hartford, CT, February 3. New York, NY: Association for Preservation Technology Northeast Chapter.
  18. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner, A. Bierman, N. J. Milburn, R. T. Taranta, N. Narendran and D. W. Gallagher. 2012. Nonincandescent Source Aviation Signal Light Colors, PDF DOT/FAA/TC-TN12/61. Washington, DC: Federal Aviation Administration.
  19. Bullough, J. D. 2012. Issues With Use of Airfield LED Light Fixtures, PDF ACRP Synthesis 35 [report to the Airport Cooperative Research Program]. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, National Academies.
  20. Bullough, J. D. 2012. Guide for Optimizing the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Roadway Lighting, C-10-14 [report to the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority and the New York State Department of Transportation]. PDF Albany, NY: New York State Department of Transportation.
  21. Bullough, J. D. and Y. Zhu. 2012. Performance Objectives of Light Sources Used in Emergency Notification Appliances [report to the Fire Protection Research Foundation]. PDF Quincy, MA: Fire Protection Research Foundation.
  22. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2012. Benefits of Intelligent Headlamp Technologies to Pedestrian Safety at Roundabouts, TLA-2012-01 [report to the Transportation Lighting Alliance]. PDF Troy, NY: Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
  23. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner, J. A. Brons and M. S. Rea. 2012. Using Lighting and Visual Information to Alter Driver Behavior, C-06-36 [report to the New York State Department of Transportation]. PDF Albany, NY: New York State Department of Transportation.
  24. Bullough, J. D., M. S. Rea, J. D. Snyder, N. P. Skinner, R. I. Capo, P. Rizzo and U. Besenecker. 2012. Demonstration of Roundabout Lighting Based on the Ecoluminance Approach, C-08-03/18233 [report to the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority and the New York State Department of Transportation]. PDF Albany, NY: New York State Department of Transportation.

2011

  1. Bullough, J. D. 2011. Roadway transportation lighting. In Handbook of Transportation Engineering: Volume II, 2nd edition (pp. 8.1-8.24). M. Kutz, editor. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  2. Bullough, J. D. 2011. Framing the debate on DRLs. DrivingVisionNews.com Newsletter (192).
  3. Bullough, J. D. and M. S. Rea. 2011. Intelligent control of roadway lighting to optimize safety benefits per overall costs. 14th Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (pp. 968-972), Washington, DC, October 5-7. New York, NY: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  4. Bullough, J.D. 2011. Safety benefits from daytime headlamp use during inclement weather. 9th International Symposium on Automotive Lighting (pp. 145-153), Darmstadt, Germany, September 26-28. Munchen, Germany: Herbert Utz Verlag.
  5. Bullough, J.D. 2011. Daytime Use of Automotive Headlamps During Inclement Weather, PDF TLA-2011-01 [report to the Transportation LIghting Alliance]. Troy, NY: Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
  6. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2011. Evaluation of light-emitting diode warning beacons for maintenance vehicles. Transportation Research Record 2220:82-87.
  7. Bullough, J. D. 2011. Visual display effectiveness at mesopic luminances. Journal of Display Technology 7(4): 167-169.
  8. Bullough, J. D. 2011. Aviation signal lighting: Impacts of lighting characteristics on visibility. PDF Advances in Applied Science Research 2(1): 16-27.
  9. Bullough, J. D., L. C. Radetsky and M. S. Rea. 2011. Testing a model of scene brightness with and without objects of different colours. Lighting Research and Technology 43(2): 173-184.
  10. Bullough, J. D., X. Zhang, N. P. Skinner and M. S. Rea. 2011. Design and evaluation of effective crosswalk illumination. Accident Reconstruction Journal 21(1): 33-45.
  11. Rea, M. S., L. C. Radetsky and J. D. Bullough. 2011. Toward a model of outdoor lighting scene brightness. Lighting Research and Technology 43(1): 7-30.
  12. Bullough, J. D. 2011. Public perceptions of vehicle headlamps: Visibility and glare (SAE paper 2011-01-0110). Society of Automotive Engineers 2011 World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 12-14. In Automotive Lighting Technology and Human Factors in Driver Vision and Lighting, SP-2300 (pp. 23-29). Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  13. Bullough, J. D. 2011. Luminance versus luminous intensity as a metric for discomfort glare (SAE paper 2011-01-0111). Society of Automotive Engineers 2011 World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 12-14. In Automotive Lighting Technology and Human Factors in Driver Vision and Lighting, SP-2300 (pp. 31-35). Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  14. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2011. Luminance criteria and measurement considerations for light-emitting diode billboards. Transportation Research Board 90th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 23-27. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  15. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2011. Evaluation of light-emitting diode warning beacons for maintenance vehicles.PDF Transportation Research Board 90th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 23-27. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  16. Bullough, J. D., J. D. Snyder, N. P. Skinner and M. S. Rea. 2011. Barricade Lighting System PDF [report to the Region 2 University Transportation Research Center]. New York, NY: City University of New York.
  17. Bullough, J. D., K. Sweater Hickcox and N. Narendran. 2011. ASSIST Recommends: A Method for Estimating Discomfort Glare from Exterior Lighting Systems PDF [report to the Alliance for Solid-State Illumination Systems and Technologies]. Troy, NY: Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

2010

  1. Bullough, J. D. 2010. Lighting Answers: Dynamic Outdoor Lighting. Troy, NY: National Lighting Product Information Program, Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
  2. Kingery, C. A. and J. D. Bullough. 2010. Public Perceptions in the United States about Automotive Headlamps: 2004-2009 PDF, TLA-2010-01 report to the Transportation Lighting Alliance]. Troy, NY: Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
  3. Bullough, J. D. 2010. Roadway lighting: Evolution and evaluation. PDF Sustainability for Road Infrastructure [supplement to ITS International 16(6)] (December): 16-17.
  4. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner and C. P. O'Rourke. 2010. Legibility of urban highway guide signs using new retroreflective materials.PDF Transport 25(3): 229-236.
  5. Bullough, J. D. 2010. Assessing safety outcomes related to driver safety and behaviour (Paper R-2010-04-21). Societe des Ingenieurs de l'Automobile Vehicle and Infrastructure Safety Improvement in Adverse Conditions and Night Driving Congress Proceedings (5 pp.), Versailles, France, October 6-7. Suresnes, France: Societe des Ingenieurs de l'Automobile.
  6. Bullough, J. D., R. M. Pysar and N. P. Skinner. 2010. Real world measurement of headlamp illumination (SAE paper 2010-01-0294). Society of Automotive Engineers 2010 World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 13-15. In Automotive Lighting Technology and Human Factors in Driver Vision and Lighting, SP-2266 (pp. 49-54). Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  7. Bullough, J. D. and M. S. Rea. 2010. Visibility from vehicle headlamps and roadway lighting in urban, suburban and rural locations (SAE paper 2010-01-0298). Society of Automotive Engineers 2010 World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 13-15. In Automotive Lighting Technology and Human Factors in Driver Vision and Lighting, SP-2266 (pp. 67-73). Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  8. Rea, M. S., J. D. Bullough and Y. Zhou. 2010. A method for assessing the visibility benefits of roadway lighting. Lighting Research and Technology 42(2): 215-241.
  9. Bullough, J. D. 2010. Rensselaer's Lighting Research Center develops recommendations for roadside lighting and vegetation. PDF New York State Department of Transportation Technology Transfer News 5(4): 5-6. (FULL TEXT)
  10. Bullough, J. D., X. Zhang, N. P. Skinner, N. Aboobaker and M. S. Rea. 2010. Design and demonstration of pedestrian crosswalk lighting. Transportation Research Board 89th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 10-14. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  11. Skinner, N. P., J. D. Bullough and A. M. Smith. 2010. Survey of the present state of headlamp aim. Transportation Research Board 89th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 10-14. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.

2009

  1. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2009. Evaluation of Light-Emitting Diode Beacon Light Fixtures. PDF [report to the New York State Department of Transportation]. Albany, NY: New York State Department of Transportation.
  2. Bullough, J. D. 2009. Spectral sensitivity for extrafoveal discomfort glare. Journal of Modern Optics 56(13): 1518-1522.
  3. Bullough, J. D. 2009. Visual performance from automobile headlamps along high-speed curves. PDF Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences 3(1): 35-42. (FULL TEXT)
  4. Rea, M. S., J. D. Bullough and Y. Akashi. 2009. Several views of metal halide and high pressure sodium lighting for outdoor applications. Lighting Research and Technology 41(4): 297-320.
  5. Sammarco, J. J., J. P. Freyssinier, J. D. Bullough, X. Zhang, and M. A. Reyes. 2009. Technological aspects of solid-state and incandescent sources for miner cap lamps. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Transactions on Industry Applications 45(5): 1583-1588. (FULL TEXT AVAILABLE)
  6. Skinner, N. P. and J. D. Bullough. 2009. Visual recovery and discomfort following exposure to oncoming headlamps (reprint of SAE paper 2009-01-0546). Society of Automotive Engineers International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems 2(1): 745-749.
  7. Bullough, J. D. 2009. Methods of predicting visual performance in driving situations [abstract]. The Eye and The Auto 2009 (p. 17), Warren, MI, September 16-18. Grosse Point Park, MI: Detroit Institute of Ophthalmology.
  8. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2009. Predicting stopping distances under different types of headlamp illumination. 8th International Symposium on Automotive Lighting (pp. 733-740), Darmstadt, Germany, September 29-30. München, Germany: Herbert Utz Verlag.
  9. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2009. Influence of foreground illumination from headlamps on visibility and preference (SAE paper 2009-01-0336). Society of Automotive Engineers 2009 World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 20-23. In Automotive Lighting Technology, SP-2223 (pp. 53-57). Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  10. Bullough, J. D. and N. P. Skinner. 2009. Effect of dynamic lighting conditions on visual detection (SAE paper 2009-01-0544). Society of Automotive Engineers 2009 World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 20-23. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  11. Skinner, N. P. and J. D. Bullough. 2009. Toward performance specifications for intelligent high beam headlamps. 8th International Symposium on Automotive Lighting (pp. 258-267), Darmstadt, Germany, September 29-30. München, Germany: Herbert Utz Verlag.
  12. Skinner, N. P. and J. D. Bullough. 2009. Effects of roadway delineator spacing, size, and height on drivers' perception and behavior. PDF Transportation Research Board 88th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 11-15. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board. (FULL TEXT AVAILABLE - THESIS)
  13. Skinner, N. P. and J. D. Bullough. 2009. Visual recovery and discomfort following exposure to oncoming headlamps (SAE paper 2009-01-0546). Society of Automotive Engineers 2009 World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 20-23. In Automotive Lighting Technology, SP-2223 (pp. 73-77). Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  14. Bullough, J. D., J. D. Snyder, A. M. Smith and T. R. Klein. 2009. Replacement Processes for Light Emitting Diode Traffic Signals, PDF NCHRP Web-Only Document 146 [report to the National Cooperative Highway Research Program]. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board. (FULL TEXT)
  15. Bullough, J. D., M. S. Rea, J. D. Snyder, L. C. Radetsky, X. Zhang and N. P. Skinner. 2009. Lighting and Vegetation for Energy-Efficient and Safe Roadway Travel, PDF C-08-03 [report to the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority and the New York State Department of Transportation]. Albany, NY: New York State Department of Transportation. (FULL TEXT)
  16. Bullough, J. D., M. S. Rea and Y. Zhou. 2009. Analysis of Visual Performance Benefits from Roadway Lighting PDF [report to the National Cooperative Highway Research Program]. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board. (FULL TEXT)
  17. Bullough, J. D., X. Zhang,+ N. P. Skinner and M. S. Rea. 2009. Design and Evaluation of Effective Crosswalk Illumination, PDF FHWA-NJ-2009-03 [report to the New Jersey Department of Transportation]. Trenton, NJ: New Jersey Department of Transportation. (FULL TEXT)
  18. Rea, M. S., J. D. Bullough, C. R. Fay, J. A. Brons, J. Van Derlofske and E. T. Donnell. 2009. Review of the Safety Benefits and Other Effects of Roadway Lighting PDF [report to the National Cooperative Highway Research Program]. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board. (FULL TEXT)
  19. Cauchon, D. 2009. It's lights out as cities save money: More streetlights going dark to save energy costs. USA Today (August 27): 3A. (FULL TEXT)

2008

  1. Brons, J. A., J. D. Bullough and M. S. Rea. 2008. Outdoor site-lighting performance: A comprehensive and quantitative framework for assessing light pollution. Lighting Research and Technology 40(3): 201-224.
  2. Bullough, J. D. 2008. Riding high (mast). Safety Today [supplement to Roads and Bridges 46(6)] 3(1): S14-S16. (FULL TEXT)
  3. Bullough, J. D., J. A. Brons, R. Qi and M. S. Rea. 2008. Predicting discomfort glare from outdoor lighting installations. Lighting Research and Technology 40(3): 225-242.
  4. Bullough, J. D., J. P. Freyssinier and M. S. Rea. 2008. Implementing semipermanent high-mast lighting for highway construction projects. Transportation Research Record (2055): 49-52.
  5. Freyssinier, J. P., J. D. Bullough and M. S. Rea. 2008. Performance evaluation of semipermanent high-mast lighting for highway construction projects. Transportation Research Record (2055): 53-59.
  6. Roush, M., S. Tillotson, K. J. Flynn, J. D. Bullough, S. Rosen and P. Tarricone. 2008. Beyond the hype: what does green really mean? PDF Lighting Design and Application 38(9): 50-54. (FULL TEXT)
  7. Bullough, J. D. 2008. Spectral and temporal factors associated with headlight glare: Implications for measurement [abstract]. PDF Council for Optical Radiation Measurements 2008 Annual Conference: Abstracts (p. 3.4), Troy, NY, June 9-12. Olivebridge, NY: Council for Optical Radiation Measurements. (PDF POWERPOINT AVAILABLE)
  8. Bullough, J. D., J. P. Freyssinier and M. S. Rea. 2008. Implementing semipermanent high-mast lighting for highway construction projects. Transportation Research Board 87th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 13-17. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  9. Freyssinier, J. P., J. D. Bullough and M. S. Rea. 2008. Performance evaluation of semipermanent high-mast lighting for highway construction projects. Transportation Research Board 87th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 13-17. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
  10. Rea, M. S., J. D. Bullough, A. Bierman and J. P. Freyssinier. 2008. The unified system of photometry [abstract]. Council for Optical Radiation Measurements 2008 Annual Conference: Abstracts (p. 1.2), Troy, NY, June 9-12. Olivebridge, NY: Council for Optical Radiation Measurements.
  11. Sammarco, J. J., M. A. Reyes, J. P. Freyssinier, J. D. Bullough and X. Zhang.+ 2008. Technological aspects of solid-state and incandescent sources for miner cap lamps. 2008 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, Edmonton, AB, October 5-9. New York, NY: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. (FULL TEXT AVAILABLE)
  12. Akashi, Y., F. Hu and J. D. Bullough. 2008. Sensitivity Analysis of Headlamp Parameters Affecting Visibility and Glare, PDF DOT HS 811 055 [report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration]. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (FULL TEXT)
  13. Akashi, Y., J. Van Derlofske, R. Raghavan and J. D. Bullough. 2008. Assessment of Headlamp Glare and Potential Countermeasures: The Effects of Headlamp Mounting Height, PDF DOT HS 810 947 [report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration]. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (FULL TEXT)
  14. Bullough, J. D. and M. S. Rea. 2008. Innovative, Energy-Efficient Lighting for New York State Roadways: Opportunities for Incorporating Mesopic Visibility Considerations Into Roadway Lighting Practice PDF [report to the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority and the New York State Department of Transportation]. Troy, NY: Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. (FULL TEXT)
  15. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner, Y. Akashi and J. Van Derlofske. 2008. Investigation of Safety-Based Advanced Forward-Lighting Concepts to Reduce Glare, PDF DOT HS 811 033 [report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration]. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (FULL TEXT)
  16. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner, R. P. Pysar, L. C. Radetsky, A. M. Smith and M. S. Rea. 2008. Nighttime Glare and Driving Performance: Research Findings, PDF DOT HS 811 043 [report to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration]. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (FULL TEXT)
  17. Bullough, J. D., N. P. Skinner and C. P. O'Rourke. 2008. Evaluation of New Reflective Materials for Highway Signage, PDF C-05-08 [report to the New York State Department of Transportation]. Albany, NY: New York State Department of Transportation. (FULL TEXT)

2007

  1. Van Derlofske, J., Bullough, J.D., Gribbin, C. 2007. Comfort and Visiblity Characteristics of Spectrally-Tuned High Intensity Discharge Forward Lighting Systems. PDF European Journal of Scientific Research 17(1):73-84 (FULL TEXT)
  2. Yukio Akashi, John Bullough, Mariana Figueiro, Conan O'Rourke, John Van Derlofske. 2007. Research Matters: A Compilation of Articles from the Lighting Research Center. IESNA 207
  3. Rea, M. S. 2001. The road not taken. The Lighting Journal 66(1):18-25.
  4. Brons Jennifer, Bullough John, Rea Mark. October 2007. Pollution: Thinking Inside the Box. Lighting Journal 72 No 5:27-34.
  5. Bullough, J.D., Yuan. Z., Rea, M.S. September 2007. Perceived Brightness of Incandescent and LED Aviation Signal Lights. Aviation, Space, and Enviromental Medicine 78(9):893-900
  6. Gu, Y., Baker, A., Narendran, N. August 2007. Investigation of Thermal Management Technique in Blue LED Airport Taxiway Fixtures. PDF Seventh International Conference on Solid State Lighting, Proceedings of SPIE 6669 (FULL TEXT)
  7. Akashi, Y., M. S. Rea and J. D. Bullough. 2007. Driver decision making in response to peripheral moving targets under mesopic light levels. Lighting Research and Technology 39(1): 53-67.*
  8. Bullough, J. D. 2007. Is white light a white knight? PDF (reprinted from Lighting Design and Application). International Municipal Signal Association Journal 45(5): 46-47. (FULL TEXT)
  9. Bullough, J. D., R. Raghavan, R. M. Pysar and Y. Akashi. 2007. Temporal aspects of lighting: A study on detection and acceptance during starting. Journal of Light and Visual Environment 31(1): 19-24. (FULL TEXT AVAILABLE)
  10. Bullough, J. D., J. Van Derlofske and Y. Akashi. 2007. Strategies for optimizing headlamp illumination and visibility along curves (reprint of SAE paper 2006-01-0489). Society of Automotive Engineers 2006 Transactions Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems 115(6): 312-317.
  11. Rea, M. S. and J. D. Bullough. 2007. Making the move to a unified system of photometry. Lighting Research and Technology 39(4): 393-408.
  12. Van Derlofske, J., J. D. Bullough and C. Gribbin. 2007. Comfort and visibility characteristics of spectrally-tuned high intensity discharge forward lighting systems. PDFEuropean Journal of Scientific Research 17(1): 73-84. (FULL TEXT)
  13. Bullough, J. D., J. P. Freyssinier and M. S. Rea. 2007. High-mast lighting for highway construction [abstract]. PDF International Highway Engineering Exchange Program 2007 Conference Program Book (p. 50), Albany, NY, September 16-20. Albany, NY: New York State Department of Transportation and New York State Thruway Authority. (PDF POWERPOINT)
  14. Figueiro, M. G., J. D. Bullough and M. S. Rea. 2007. Light Isn't Just for Vision Anymore: Implications for Transportation Safety PDF [report to the Region 2 University Transportation Research Center]. New York, NY: City University of New York. (FULL TEXT)

2006

  1. Freyssinier, J.P., Narendran, N., Bullough, J.D. 2006. Luminance Requirements for Lighted Signage. PDF Sixth International Conference on Solid State Lighting 6337. (FULL TEXT)
  2. Jean Paul Freyssinier, John D. Bullough, Mark S. Rea. September, 2006. Documentation of Semi-Permanent High-Mast Lighting for Construction. PDF C-05-06. New York State Department of Transportation. (FULL TEXT)
  3. Van Derlofske, J., J. Chen,+ J. D. Bullough and Y. Akashi. 2006. Headlight glare exposure and recovery (reprint of SAE paper 2005-01-1573). Society of Automotive Engineers 2005 Transactions Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems 114(6): 1974-1981.

2005

  1. Bullough, J. D. 2005. Onset times and the detection of colored signal lights. Transportation Research Record (1918): 123-127.

2004

  1. McColgan, Michele W. November/December 2004. Defining light pollution. IMSA Journal 42(6):34-37. (FULL TEXT AVAILABLE)
  2. Van Derlofske, John. July 2004. Research matters: Light emitting diode headlamps right around the bend? Lighting Design + Application (LD+A) 34(7):9-11
  3. Bullough, John. February 2004. Research matters: Seeing the light (through the haze). Lighting Design + Application (LD+A) 34(2):8-10
  4. Van Derlofske, J. 2004. Seeing the big picture. Light. Des. Appl. 34(2):27-33.
  5. Van Derlofske, J., J. D. Bullough, P. Dee, J. Chen, and Y. Akashi. 2004. Headlamp parameters and glare. Lighting SP-1875. Society of Automotive Engineers. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  6. Bullough, J. D., and J. Van Derlofske. 2004. Headlamp illumination and glare: An approach to predicting peripheral visibility. Lighting SP-1875. Society of Automotive Engineers. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  7. Bullough, J. D., and M. S. Rea. 2004. Visual performance under mesopic conditions: Consequences for roadway lighting. Transportation Research Board 83rd Annual Meeting, Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
  8. McColgan, M. W., and J. Van Derlofske. 2004. Comparison of veiling luminance for roadway lighting. Transportation Research Board 83rd Annual Meeting, Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
  9. Zhou, Y., Van Derlofske, J., Chen, J. and P. Dee. 2004. Photometric evaluation of LED traffic signals. Transportation Research Board 83rd Annual Meeting, Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
  10. Van Derlofske, J. and J. D. Bullough. 2004. Spectral effects of high-intensity discharge automotive forward lighting on visual performance (reprint of SAE paper 2003-01-0559). In Recent Developments in Automotive Safety Technology, PT-119 (pp. 417-424). D. J. Holt, editor. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  11. Rea, M. S., J. D. Bullough, J. P. Freyssinier-Nova and A. Bierman. 2004. A proposed unified system of photometry. Lighting Research and Technology 36(2): 85-111.

2003

  1. Rea, Mark S., Bullough, John D., Freyssinier, Jean-Paul, Bierman, Andrew. 2003. X (A system of mesopic photometry based on reaction time measurement). Proceedings of the CIE Symposium '02: Temporal and Spatial Aspects of Light and Color Perception and Measurement
  2. Bullough, John D. April 2003. Research recap: Visibility in a flash? Lighting Design + Application (LD+A) 33(4).
  3. Bullough, John D., Freyssinier, Jean-Paul, Rea, Mark S. April 2003. Color my world: The spectral effects of lighting. Lighting Design and Application 33(4):62-63
  4. Bullough, John D. September 2003. Research matters: Safe and sound....with lighting? Lighting Design and Application (LD+A) 33(9):10-11
  5. Freyssinier, Jean Paul; Zhou, Yutao; Ramamurthy, Vasuhda; Bierman, Andrew; Bullough, John D.; Narendran, Nadarajah. 5-7 August, 2003. Evaluation of Light-Emitting Diodes for Signage Applications. Third International Conference on Solid State Lighting, Proceedings of SPIE 5187:309-317
  6. Van Derlofske, J. 2003. Research matters: Glare - A moving target on the roadway. Light. Des. Appl. 33(12):17-19.
  7. Bullough, J. D., J. Van Derlofske, P. Dee, Chen Jie, and Y. Akashi. 2003. An Investigation of Headlamp Glare: Intensity, Spectrum and Size, DOT HS 809 672. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation; National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
  8. Nakamura, Y., and Y. Akashi. 2003. The effect of immediate background size on target detection. J. Illum. Eng. Soc. 32(2):74-87.
  9. Bullough, J., and J. Van Derlofske. June 2003. Shedding light on glare. OE Magazine 3(6):17-18.
  10. Van Derlofske, J. May 2003. Research recap: HID headlamps - Balancing visibility vs. glare. Light. Des. Appl. 33(5):10-13.
  11. Van Derlofske, J., J. D. Bullough and C. M. Hunter. 2003. Visual benefits of high-intensity discharge automotive forward lighting (reprint of SAE paper 2002-01-0259). In Advances in Lighting Technology, PT-98 (pp. 249-254). D. J. Holt, editor. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  12. Van Derlofske, J., and J. D. Bullough. 2003. Spectral effects of high-intensity discharge automotive forward lighting on visual performance. 2003 SAE World Congress, Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  13. Bullough, J. D., J. Van Derlofske, C. R. Fay, and P. Dee, Jr.. 2003. Discomfort glare from headlamps: Interactions among spectrum, control of glaze and background light level. 2003 SAE World Congress, Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  14. Van Derlofske, J., and T. A. Hough. 2003. Flux propagation in light pipe illumination systems. Design of efficient illumination systems: Proceedings of SPIE, Bellingham, WA: The International Society for Optical Engineering.
  15. Van Derlofske, J., J. Bullough, P. Dee, J. Chen, and Y. Akashi. 2003. Effects of vehicle forward lighting spectrum on glare. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Progress in Automobile Lighting. Darmstädter Lichttechnik, no. 10. Munich, Germany: Herbert Utz Verlag Wissenschaft.
  16. Van Derlofske, J., P. R. Boyce, and C. M. Hunter. 2003. Evaluation of in-pavement flashing warning lights on pedestrian crosswalk safety. IMSA Journal 41(3):20, 54.
  17. Huang, M. K., J. D. Bullough, P. R. Boyce, and A. Bierman. 2003. Detection and identification of LED traffic signals by protan observers. Transportation Research Record 1844:52-58.
  18. Bullough, J., J. Van Derlofske, P. Dee, J. Chen, and Y. Akashi. 2003. Impact of headlight glare on peripheral visibility. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Progress in Automobile Lighting. Darmstädter Lichttechnik, no. 10. Munich, Germany: Herbert Utz Verlag Wissenschaft.
  19. Akashi, Y., and J. Neches. 2003. The effects of task load on peripheral target detection. Proceedings of the 25th session of the CIE, Vienna: CIE Central Bureau.
  20. Akashi, Y., P. Dee, J. Chen, J. Van Derlofske, and J. Bullough. 2003. Interaction between fixed roadway lighting and vehicle forward lighting. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Progress in Automobile Lighting. Darmstädter Lichttechnik, no. 10. Munich, Germany: Herbert Utz Verlag Wissenschaft.
  21. Bullough, J. D., Z. Fu+ and J. Van Derlofske. 2003. Discomfort and disability glare from halogen and HID headlamp systems (reprint of SAE paper 2002-01-0010). In Advances in Lighting Technology, PT-98 (pp. 243-247). D. J. Holt, editor. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  22. Bullough, J. D. 2003. Are yellow traffic signals brighter than they need to be? (reprinted from Lighting Design and Application). International Municipal Signal Association Journal 41(3): 51-53.

2002

  1. Do High Intensity Discharge Headlamps Cause Glare? 2002. Lighting Research Center
  2. Lingard, R., and Rea Mark. 2002. Off-axis detection at mesopic light levels in a driving context. J. Illum. Eng. Soc. 31(1):33-39.
  3. Akashi, Y., and M. Rea. 2002. Peripheral detection while driving under a mesopic level. J. Illum. Eng. Soc. 31(1):85-94.
  4. Bullough, J. D. July 2002. Interpreting outdoor luminaire cutoff classification. Light. Des. Appl. 32(7): 44-46.
  5. Bullough, J. D. 2002. Research recap: Are yellow traffic signals brighter than they need to be? Light. Des. Appl. 32(12): 18-21.
  6. Sundarum, Swapna; Akashi, Yukio; McColgan, Michele. 2002. A design metric to evaluate sky glow Lux Pacifica 2002
  7. Van Derlofske, J., J. D. Bullough, and C. M. Hunter. 2002. Visual benefits of high-intensity discharge automotive forward lighting. SAE Technical Paper Series #(2002-01-0259).
  8. Van Derlofske, J., J. D. Bullough, and C. M. Hunter. 2002. Evaluation of high-density discharge automotive forward lighting. SAE Technical Paper Series #(2001-01-0298).
  9. McColgan, M. W., J. Van Derlofske, J. Bullough, and I. Shakir. 2002. Subjective color preferences of common road sign materials under headlamp bulb illumination. SAE Technical Paper Series #(2002-01-0261).
  10. Van Derlofske, J. F., and M. McColgan. 2002. White LED sources for vehicle forward lighting. Solid State Lighting II: Proceedings of SPIE, Bellingham, WA: The International Society for Optical Engineering.
  11. Bullough, J. D. 2002. Modeling peripheral visibility under headlamp illumination (paper # VIS2002-38). Transportation Research Board 16th Biennial Symposium on Visibility and Simulation, Iowa City, IA, June 2-4. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa.
  12. Bullough, J., H. Yan, and J. Van Derlofske. 2002. Effects of sweeping, color and luminance distribution on response to automotive stop lamps. SAE Technical Paper Series #(2002-01-0911).

2001

  1. Bullough, J. D., M. S. Rea, R. M. Pysar, H. K. Nakhla and D. E. Amsler. 2001. Rear lighting configurations for winter maintenance vehicles. Proceedings of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Annual Conference, Ottawa, ON, August 5-8. New York, NY: Illuminating Engineering Society of North America.
  2. Van Derlofske, J. 2001. Evaluation of Fabrication errors on the performance of injection molded light pipes (waveguides). SAE Technical Paper Series #(2001-01-0863).
  3. Bullough, J. D., J. Van Derlofske, and H. Yen. 2001. Evaluation of automotive stop lamps using incandescent and sweeping neon and LED light source. SAE Technical Paper Series #(2001-01-0301).
  4. Boyce, P., C. Hunter, and S. Vasconez. December 2001. An Evaluation of Three Types of Gas Station Canopy Lighting, Troy, NY: Lighting Research Center.
  5. Bullough, J. D. 2001. Lighting on snowplows: An accident countermeasure? American Public Works Association Reporter 68(10):24.
  6. Daly, K. and J. D. Bullough. 2001. The long and lighted road: Lighting and driving. Lighting Futures 5(1).
  7. Van Derlofske, J., J. D. Bullough, R. Lingard, and M. S. Rea. 2001. Roadway lighting: A systems approach. Proceedings of the 46th IESANZ Convention: 2001 - A Light Odyssey, Auckland, New Zealand: Illuminating Engineering Society of Australia and New Zealand.
  8. Van Derlofske, J., J. D. Bullough, and C. M. Hunter. 2001. Evaluation of high-intensity discharge automotive forward lighting. 2001 PAL - Progress in Automobile Lighting Proceedings of the Symposium, September 25-26, 2001. Darmstädter Lichttechnik, no. 9. Munich, Germany: Herbert Utz Verlag Wissenschaft.
  9. Van Derlofske, J. 2001. Computer modeling of LED light pipe systems for uniform display illumination. Proceedings of SPIE: Solid State Lighting and Displays, Bellingham, Washington: The International Society for Optical Engineering.
  10. Bullough, J. D., J. Van Derlofske, and H. Yan. 2001. Evaluation of automotive stop lights using incandescent and sweeping neon and LED light sources. SAE 2001 World Congress; Lighting Technology developments for Automobiles (SP-1595), Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  11. Bullough, J. D., and M. S. Rea. 2001. Forward vehicular lighting and inclement weather conditions. 2001 PAL - Progress in Automobile Lighting Proceedings of the Symposium, September 25-26, 2001. Darmstädter Lichttechnik, no. 9. Munich, Germany: Herbert Utz Verlag Wissenschaft.
  12. Bullough, J. D., and M. S. Rea. 2001. Driving in snow: Effect of headlamp color at mesopic and photopic light levels. SAE 2001 World Congress; Lighting Technology developments for Automobiles (SP-1595), Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  13. Bullough, J. D., M. C. Forget, S. Hayes, A. M. Gibeau, D. C. Frering, and M. G. Figueiro. 2001. A survey of local transportation agencies about LED traffic signals. Proceedings of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Annual Conference, Ottawa, ON, August 5-8. New York, NY: Illuminating Engineering Society of North America.
  14. Bullough, J. D., P. R. Boyce, A. Bierman, C. M. Hunter, K. M. Conway, A. Nakata, and M. G. Figeiro. 2001. Traffic signal luminance and visual discomfort at night. Transportation Research Record 1754: 42-47.
  15. Akashi, Y., and M. Rea. 2001. Peripheral detection while driving under a mesopic level. Proceedings of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Annual Conference, Ottawa, ON, August 5-8. New York, NY: Illuminating Engineering Society of North America.
  16. Akashi, Y., and M. Rea. 2001. The effect of oncoming headlight glare on peripheral detection under a mesopic light level. 2001 PAL - Progress in Automobile Lighting Proceedings of the Symposium, September 25-26, 2001. Darmstädter Lichttechnik, no. 9. Munich, Germany: Herbert Utz Verlag Wissenschaft.

2000

  1. Brandston, Howard, Peterson, Art J., Simonson, E. Kevin, Boyce, Peter R. July 31-August 2, 2000. A white-LED post-top luminaire for rural applications. IESNA Annual Conference Technical Papers 227-234
  2. Van Derlofske, J. 2000. Computer modeling reduces headlamp glare. Optoelectronics World S5-S7.
  3. Boyce, P.R., A. Bierman, B. C. Carter, J. Bullough, M. Figueiro, and K. Conway. 2000. The Color Identification of Traffic Signals, Troy, NY: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; Lumileds, US LLC.; Pacific Gas and Electric Company.
  4. A. Bierman, C. Hunter, J. Bullough, M. Figueiro, and K. Conway. 2000. The Effect of Rise Time on the Detection of Traffic Signals, Troy, NY: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; Lumileds, US, LLC.; Pacific Gas and Electric Company.
  5. J. Bullough, A. Bierman, K. Conway, C. Hunter, and A. Nakata. 2000. Traffic Signal Luminance and Visual Discomfort at Night, Troy, NY: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; Pacific Gas and Electric Company.
  6. Bullough, J. D., and M. S. Rea. 2000. Simulated driving performance and peripheral detection at mesopic and low photopic light levels. International Journal of Lighting Research and Technology 32(4):194-198.

1999 and older

  1. Bullough, J., Boyce, P., Bierman, A., Conway, K., Huang, K., O'Rourke, C., Hunter, C., Nakata, A. September 27-28, 1999. Luminous intensity for traffic signals: A scientific basis for performance specifications. International Workshop on Co-operative Procurement: LED traffic signals
  2. Goodspeed, C. H. and M. S. Rea. 1999. The significance of surround conditions for roadway signs. J. Illum. Eng. Soc. 28(1):164-173.
  3. Conway, K. M. and J. D. Bullough. 1999. Will LEDs transform traffic signals as they did exit signs? Proceedings of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA, August 9-11. New York, NY: Illuminating Engineering Society of North America.
  4. Van Derlofske, J. F. 1999. Nonrotationally symmetric mirrors provide even light. Laser Focus World 35(7):S23-s26.
  5. Bierman, A., and K. Daly. 1999. Energy efficiency and LEDs. IAEEL Newsletter 23(8):4-6.
  6. Van Derlofske, J. F., D. D. Lamb, and L. W. Hillman. 1999. Stereolithography apparatus (SLA) prototyping of aspheric surfaces for automotive illumination. Papers of the Society of Automotive Engineers. SAE Technical Paper Series, no. 1999-01-0302. Warrendale, PA: SAE International.
  7. Rea, Mark S. May 19-21, 1998 A proposed system of photometry in the mesopic region. Vision At Low Light Levels, the Fourth International Lighting Research Symposium 85-106
  8. Lighting Research Center. 1998. Light-Emitting Diode Traffic Signals: A Review of Life Service Issues; Market Survey of California Transportation Agencies, Troy, NY: Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
  9. Van Derlofske, J. F., David J. Lamb, and L. D. Hillman. 1998. The use of aspheric surfaces in waveguide illumination systems for automotive displays. International Congress and Exposition. SAE Technical Papers Series, #(1999-01-0302). Warrendale, PA: SAE International.
  10. Bullough, J. 1998. Signaling the future. Lighting Futures 3(4).
  11. Eklund, N. H., M. S. Rea, and J. Bullough. 1997. Survey of snowplow operators about forward lighting and visibility during nighttime operations. Transportation Research Record 1585:25-29.
  12. Bullough, J., and M. S. Rea. 1997. Simple model of forward visibility for snowplow operators through snow and fog at night. Transportation Research Record 1585:19-24.
  13. He, Y., Rea, M., Bierman, A., Bullough, J. Winter 1997. Evaluating light source efficacy under mesopic conditions using reaction times. Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America 26(1):125-138
  14. Rea, Mark S. October 1996. Essay by invitation. Lighting Design + Application (LD+A) 26(10):15-16
  15. Bullough, J., M. Rea, and N. Eklund.1996. Forward Lighting for Improved Visibility through Snow, Troy, New York: Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
  16. Van Derlofske, J. F., D. D. Lamb, and L. W. Hillman. 1996. Computer modeling of illumination systems for automotive displays. International Congress and Exposition. SAE Technical Paper Series, #(1996-0525). Warrendale, PA: SAE International.
  17. Hough, T. A., J. F. Van Derlofske, and L. W. Hillman. 1995. Measuring and modeling intensity distributions of light sources in waveguide illumination systems. Optical Illumination 34(3):819-823.
  18. Hough, T. A., J. F. Van Derlofske, and L. W. Hillman. 1995. Implementation of radiometric modeling and measurement in the design of waveguide illumination systems for radio control panels. International Congress and Exposition. SAE Technical Paper Series, #(1995-0964). Warrendale, PA: SAE International.
  19. Van Derlofske, J. F., T. A. Hough, and L. W. Hillman. 1994. Development of design tools for modeling the illumination of automotive displays and instruments. International Congress and Exposition. SAE Technical Paper Series, #(1995-0511). Warrendale, PA: SAE International.
  20. Hough, T. A., J. F. Van Derlofske, and L. W. Hillman. 1994. Management of light in thick optical waveguides for dashboard illumination: An application of radiometric principles. International Congress and Exposition. SAE Technical Paper Series, #(1994-0512). Warrendale, PA: SAE International.
  21. Boyce, P. R., and J. Fan. 1994. Drivers' headlight use: A lighting factoid. Light. Res. Tech. 26(1):23-27.
  22. Davis, Robert G. December 1993. Understanding parking lot fixtures. LM&M (Lighting Management & Maintenance)
  23. Boyce, P. R., and Y. Gu. 1992. Calculations of Visibility Levels and Reaction Times as a Function of Light Transmittance for Four Driving Scenarios, Troy, NY: Lighting Research Center.
  24. Rea, Mark. January 30, 1991. The CSF selection for automotive glazing study. 23. Progress report to MSR Scientific
  25. Rea, Mark. March 1, 1991. The visibility of standard targets through tinted glazings Revision 1. 23 Progress report to MSR Scientific
  26. Boyce, Peter R. December 1991. Security lighting: What we know and what we don't. Lighting Magazine
  27. Gamliel, A., and G. Yuanchao. 1991. The Visibility through Tinted Automotive Glazings, Troy, NY: Lighting Research Center.
  28. Lighting Research Center. 1991. The CSF selection for automotive glazing study, Troy, NY: Lighting Research Center.
  29. Rea, M. S. 1989. Visibility criteria and application techniques for roadway lighting. Transportation Research Record 1247:12-16.
  30. Boyce, P. R., R. W. Strobel, and J. M. Gutkowski. n. d. Visibility through Tinted Auto Glazing, Troy, NY: Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
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