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Lighting Application and Design
Environment and Energy Efficiency
Evaluation and Testing
Regulation and Policy
Guides and Metrics
What is a building automation system?
How do metal halide lamps work?
What is the difference between quartz and ceramic arc tubes?
Where might LEDs be found in the future?
For which applications are LEDs expected to be energy-efficient alternatives?
What is a ballast?
What is an adaptable ballast?
How do adaptable ballasts work?
What adaptable ballast products are available on the market?
Why should I use adaptable ballasts?
What are the disadvantages of adaptable ballasts?
How well do adaptable ballasts perform?
What is the difference between probe-start and pulse-start metal halide lamps?
Why do metal halide lamps require a ballast?
What types of ballasts are available to use with metal halide lamps?
What effect does burning position have on metal halide lamps?
What are warm-up and restrike times for metal halide lamps?
What are some important characteristics of metal halide lamps?
Are mid-wattage metal halide lamps a cost-effective option?
How well do mid-wattage metal halide lamps work in retrofitting?
What safety issues should specifiers consider when using metal halide lamps?
What are T5 lamps?
What does T5 mean?
Are T5 lamps the same length as T8 lamps?
What T5 fluorescent lamps are available?
What are T5 HO lamps?
Can a T5 lamp replace a T12 or T8 lamp?
Do T5 lamps need special ballasts?
Is it possible to dim T5 lamps?
Is there any difference in wiring between T5 and T8 ballasts?
Does a T5 lamp produce as much light as a T8 lamp?
How long do T5 lamps last before they burn out?
Do T5 lamps have better lumen maintenance than T8 or T12 lamps?
Do T5 luminaires perform better than T8 luminaires?
How does temperature affect the performance of a T5 lamp?
How do T5 lamps perform in open and closed luminaires?
How does the difference in optimal temperature affect T5 luminaire photometry?
Do T5 lamps allow for more optical efficiency of luminaires?
Does a two-lamp luminaire using T5 HO lamps produce as much light as a three-lamp luminaire using T8 lamps?
Are T5 lamps good for the environment?
Do T5 lamps start more slowly than T8 lamps?
What are the common trade names for T5 lamps?
Are T5 lamps readily available to consumers?
What is the economic benefit of T5 systems?
What are good applications for T5 lamps?
How can T5 lamps be used for indirect lighting?
How can T5 lamps be used with direct/indirect pendant luminaires?
How can T5 lamps be used with recessed direct/indirect luminaires?
How can T5 lamps be used with direct luminaires for high-ceiling applications?
Can T5 lamps and luminaires be used for wall washing?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of T5 systems versus T8 systems in lighting design?
How do luminaire manufacturers prevent glare from T5 lamps?
What are MR16 lamps?
What are the important performance characteristics of MR16 lamps?
Can a reflectorized lamp be interchanged with an MR16 lamp within a luminaire?
What are the advantages of using MR16 lamps?
What are the disadvantages of using MR16 lamps?
What do I need to know when specifying MR16 lamps?
How much do MR16 lamps cost?
How do I choose the most appropriate MR16 lamps for my application?
Should fluorescent lighting systems be avoided in certain installations?
How did NLPIP quantify temperature effects of 2' x 4' fluorescent luminaires?
How can a specifier account for thermal effects of 2' x 4' fluorescent luminaires?
What other data are available on thermal effects of 2' x 4' fluorescent luminaires?
Does the Energy Policy Act address luminaire efficiency?
What is direct digital control?
How does a building automation system control lighting?
What wired and wireless networking options are available for building automation systems?
How much do direct digital lighting control systems cost?
What are BACnet, LonWorks, and CEBus?
What other factors should be considered when choosing a direct digital control protocol?
How can a specifier determine if the lighting system is causing EMI?
How can I reduce electromagnetic interference (EMI) from fluorescent lighting?
How does temperature affect the performance of a fluorescent luminaire?
Where should specifiers consider using T5FT lamps?
What are T10 and T9 lamps?
How do the active power, light output, and system efficacy of T10 and T9 lamps compare with those of T12 andT8 lamps?
What types of ballasts do T10 and T9 lamps require?
How long do T10 and T9 lamps last?
What are the color characteristics of T10 and T9 lamps?
How much do T10 and T9 lamps cost?
When should specifiers consider using T10 and T9 lamps?
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